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Type 2 Diabetes

Nurse telling patients about type 2 diabetesType 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset diabetes, can occur when the body is not able to produce an adequate level of insulin or it has become too insulin resistant. This means that the level of glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream will gradually increase as it is not being adequately metabolized. This disease can develop quite slowly, which means that many people could be living with type 2 diabetes without realizing it.

(If you are a diabetic living in Alabama, then you may qualify for our diabetes clinical trial in Birmingham, AL.)

The Most Common Type of Diabetes

This is the most common form of diabetes (accounting for more than 90 percent of all diagnosed cases). Clinical research on diabetes has shown that a combination of genetic and environmental factors can have a very important effect on who could actually get this disease. Health care experts have identified conditions like high cholesterol, obesity, high blood pressure, and a lack of exercise as the primary risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

(See Also: Type 1 Diabetes)

Other Risk Factors for T2D

Studies have also shown that pregnant mothers who developed gestational diabetes are much more likely to then develop type 2 diabetes at some point in their life. Other risk factors include blood glucose levels that remain above the healthy range for extended periods of time and ethnic background.

Managing Type 2 Diabetes

If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, then you will most likely need to make some significant lifestyle adjustments. First off, diabetics need to closely monitor their blood glucose levels. This is something that will need to be done on a routine basis, since both diet and exercise can greatly affect these levels. Maintaining proper control over this condition will require strict adherence to a daily routine that is optimized for the individual. If not, type 2 diabetics run a serious risk of suffering serious damage to their blood vessels, which could eventually lead to kidney disease, eyesight complications, and cardiovascular disease.

The latest research on type 2 diabetes has been helping scientists develop better medical therapies which are improving the lives of diabetics all over the world. However, each person still needs to adhere to the treatment plan that their doctors have set out for them. The most effective diabetes treatment plans are tailored to the individual, so this is something that you will want to discuss with your endocrinologist as well.

The Growing Incidence of Diabetes

The incidence of diabetes has been on the rise in recent years, and now it has become a bit of a worldwide epidemic. In the U.S. alone, the number of people living with some form of diabetes is approaching 30 million. In fact, it could already be more than that, since there are many cases which have yet to be diagnosed. If you then consider the vast number of people who are at the prediabetes level, then you could add nearly another 80 million people. Fortunately, it is still not too late for many of these people to make some changes in their lives and actually prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.