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Treatments Available for High Blood Pressure

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a potentially deadly medical condition which can lead to cardiac arrest, stroke, heart failure, and even renal impairment. The key priority when treating hypertension is to lower the patient’s blood pressure until it is within the established healthy range.

(For more information on high blood pressure, then please see: Hypertension Signs & Symptoms)

Here is the basic rundown of the different established ranges for blood pressure:

  • Healthy Blood Pressure: lower than 120/80
  • Prehypertension: 120-139/80-89
  • Hypertension: Higher than 140/90
  • Stage 1 Hypertension: 140-159/90-99
  • Stage 2 Hypertension: 160 and up/100 and up

If you are told that your blood pressure is above 120/80, then you will need to think about making some changes to your lifestyle, such as eating healthier, exercising more, and quitting cigarettes if you smoke. In some cases, patients may require additional help from certain hypertension medications that can lower blood pressure if it’s above 140/90. If you are living with medical conditions like diabetes or CKD, then your blood pressure needs to stay under 130/80.

Healthy Lifestyle Adjustments for Hypertension

One of the best ways that you can keep your blood pressure within the normal range is by maintaining a healthier lifestyle. Fortunately, there are quite a few ways that you can start to live healthier if you are keen on avoiding high blood pressure:

  • If you smoke cigarettes, then you should certainly quit.
  • Avoid being overweight, as this can cause blood pressure levels to increase.
  • Healthy diets like the DASH diet can be a real weapon against hypertension. In general, you should try and add some more fruits, veggies, and low fat options to your diet.
  • Get regular physical fitness, especially aerobic exercise most days of the week.
  • Try and limit the amount of sodium that you are consuming in your diet. The national recommendation is less than 1,500 milligrams, but please try and limit your daily amount to within 2,300 milligrams on a daily basis.
  • Limit the amount of alcohol you consume on a regular basis.

(By making these healthier alterations in your lifestyle, you can also help to improve the effectiveness of other medications that you may be taking for your high blood pressure.)

After beginning a new drug therapy for high blood pressure, you will need to meet with your doctor at least once a month until your blood pressure levels have fallen back within the normal or healthy range. During one of these monthly visits, your doctor should also take measures of your potassium, BUN/creatinine (for kidney health), and other electrolytes in your blood.

Based on the presence of other illnesses or diseases, hypertensive patients will need to continue to visit with their primary health care provider once every three to six months after they have achieved their blood pressure treatment goals.