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Prostate Cancer Signs & Symptoms

Prostate cancer does not present with symptoms in many patients.  In fact, a large percentage of cases are discovered by doctors while performing routine physical check ups.  Most of those men who do experience signs of prostate cancer usually do not notice any symptoms during the early stages of cancer.  Essentially, there are no symptoms of early stages of prostate cancer.

Warning signs only present themselves upon significant enlargement of the malignant (cancerous) prostate tumor, at which point the cancer can affect urinary and sexual wellness and function alike.  Symptoms arise as a result of the tumor-induced pressure, compressing and blockage of the prostate gland, urethra and surrounding tissue.


The following are symptoms of advanced stage prostate cancer:

  • Erectile dysfunction or difficulty
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination
  • Frequent urination, usually nocturnal
  • Difficulty holding in urine
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Dribbling of urine, especially after urination
  • Leaking of urine, particularly while laughing, coughing or sneezing
  • Inability to expel all of urine
  • Blood in urine
  • Inability to urinate while standing
  • Slow or weak flow of urine
  • Interrupted flow of urine
  • Blood in semen
  • Pain or burning sensation during ejaculation
  • Recurring soreness, persistent intense pain, tenderness or stiffness in the bones or flesh of the pelvic area, spine, lower back, upper thigh(s) or rib(s) (a sign that cancer has metastasized)
  • Unexplained weight loss, generally a significant amount of weight
  • Decrease in or loss of appetite
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Weakness or paralysis of the legs
  • Swelling of the pelvic area or legs

As men grow older, their prostate glands may naturally enlarge.  It is common for older men to develop benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatitis.  These conditions share the same symptoms as prostate cancer, however neither condition increases the risk of developing it.

BPH is a commonly diagnosed urinary condition in men over the age of 50 and prostatitis is commonly caused by bacterial infection.  Both conditions involve enlargement of the prostate gland which may block or put pressure upon the urethra and surrounding tissue, causing pain as well as urinary and ejaculation problems.  While both conditions are neither cancerous nor precancerous, they present symptoms like those of advanced stage prostate cancer.

Call your doctor if you experience painful urination or ejaculation, chronic pain in any bones or general area, difficulty walking, unexplained weight loss or abnormal urination.  Maintain a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids and always have regular check-ups with your physician to monitor your general health.  If you think you have prostate cancer, schedule an appointment with your doctor so that conditions that mimic prostate cancer can be ruled out and a proper diagnosis can be made.  Prostate cancer is treatable, so talk with your healthcare provider about the treatment options that are best suited for you.