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Treatments Used for Prostate Cancer

The treatment options that are available for prostate cancer depend on a few different factors. Following a diagnosis, specialists will need to assess how quickly the cancer is growing, the patient’s overall health, whether the cancer has started to metastasize, and the potential costs versus the benefits of a specific course of treatment.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is one of the most common forms of treatment used for a variety of different cancers. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, then radiation therapy may be the best option for you. This type of therapy utilizes high-powered energy beam in order to destroy cancer cells. Unfortunately, there are some side effects from this type of prostate cancer treatment, including painful or frequent urination and urgent urination. Radiation therapy may also cause certain rectal complications, such as pain during bowel movements and loose stools. In some rare cases, radiation therapy could actually cause another form of cancer to develop in the future, so please be sure to discuss this with your doctor.

Hormone Therapy

This type of therapy is used in order to stop the body from producing any more testosterone. This can help treat prostate cancer as this disease is reliant on testosterone in order to continue to grow. If you can effectively cut off its supply of hormones, there is a decent chance that the cancerous cells will die or at least grow more slowly. Hormone therapy is often used for patients with advanced stage prostate cancer in order to slow further growth of the tumor. It may be applied prior to radiation therapy in men with early stage prostate cancer, as this can help improve the chances of a successful treatment. It is also used after surgery in order to prohibit the growth of any cancerous cells that may have been left behind.

Surgery for Prostate Cancer

Surgery for prostate cancer will involve the removal of the patient’s prostate gland (radical prostatectomy), as well as some nearby tissue and perhaps a few lymph nodes. There are some particular risks involved with undergoing surgery for prostate cancer, so be sure to discuss which type of surgery will be best with your doctor. They will help explain the risks that may apply to your situation based on a variety of different factors (overall health, age, body-type, and specific procedure applied).

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy utilizes drugs which are able to quickly destroy cancerous or other fast growing cells. There are a number of different ways through which chemotherapy can be administered to someone with prostate cancer, including intravenously, in pill form, or a combination of these. If the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the patient’s body, then chemotherapy may be a more viable treatment option. However, this type of prostate cancer treatment will also take a major toll on the patient’s body, so all treatment options should be assessed prior to making this decision.

Be sure to discuss all of your treatment options with your primary health care provider. A new course of treatment will depend on a variety of factors such as complications caused by the prostate cancer and the patient’s overall health. Also, remember that there are some alternative treatments available for people who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer. These can be used in combination with more traditional therapies or on their own. However, you should always discuss these treatments with your doctor before making any changes.